Bibliographic Instruction

Understanding the different types of instruction


Two Types:

1.      Hands on or learning by doing it yourself

2.      General Session were an instructor speaks to a large group

Advantage of hands on approach is “learn by doing” which helps in retention of what is required. A disadvantage would be a loss of skills without repetitive practice.

General Session instructs many at one time however no retention gauged so most of what was presented may be forgotten. If a handout was issued it may also be lost or misplaced.


Librarians know the material and well trained in providing it however the pace of the tour may limit or intimidate the patrons from interrupting the presentation with questions so they may not be answered and the content not fully understood due to a time restraint.

With a video tour a patron has the opportunity of replaying the content and knowing they can do this aids in the flow of the tour without interruption.


Where the need has been identified “a course or series of lectures may be taught by the librarian or teacher as it relates to a class assignment or curriculum” (Katz). This coursework may be repeated to reinforce the need for proper instruction and the awareness of its use in proper reference research.


Mainly used for instruction online with many academic institutions where “a specific kind of tutorial or (RIO) Research Instruction Online” (Univ. of Arizona) tutorial was developed as part of the library website providing instantaneous on demand instruction as a part of the libraries instructional policy. This allows students to be more independent in learning the required skills and tools. This tutorial may also reside on the institutions You Tube channel with other tutorials.

Todays Lesson:   The Library Online opac

The following tutorials will be used to illustrate and show the necessary steps of finding resources and research materials in the online library catalog.

Following these steps will insure the proper techniques and tools are being used to aid you in your reference search for sources and research materials. The tutorials will remain online for repeated and further review.

Module 1 :  Starting Smart

Module 2:  Choosing a Topic

Module 3:  Navigating The Opac         (Using IVYCAt)

Module 4:  Using Ebsco Host

Module 5:  Using Encyclopedia sources

Module 6: Using websites for research

Cited Sources:

The University of Arizona Libraries, , retrieved from the web April 20, 2013 by Frank Niemiec

Katz, William A. Introduction to Reference Work. Volume 1, Basic Information Services. Volume 2, Reference Services and Reference Processes.Boston: McGraw Hill, 2002.

Ivy Tech Community College Library, Tutorials,,  retreived from the web April 20, 2013 by Frank Niemiec.


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